If you have received a Pre-Diabetes diagnosis, then you are one in over 86 million Americans at risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes within six months to five years. But it’s not too late to answer the call to action!
Pre-Diabetes: Get Tested
Pre-Diabetes, determined by a glycated hemoglobin test, shows A1C levels between 5.7 and 6.4 percent. Type 2 Diabetes results in A1C levels of 6.5 percent or higher on two separate tests.
Genetics is a key factor in the cause of Pre-Diabetes. But the exact cause is still undetermined. Diet, exercise, and lifestyle choices play a vital role in the development of the disease.
Diabetes is your body’s inability to respond or produce insulin in the pancreas for controlling blood sugar levels released by the liver. Type 1 Diabetics no longer produce insulin. Type 2 Diabetics either do not produce enough insulin or are resistant to the insulin created. Insulin carries the glucose through the bloodstream to the muscles and converts to energy. Your cells rely on this glucose for energy.
Hyper and Hypo
Controlling your glucose levels is important. If your blood sugar is too high, it’s called hyperglycemia. But left untreated a life treating condition called ketoacidosis can occur causing a diabetic coma.
- Increased Thirst
Very Dry Mouth
Shortness of Breath
Breath Smells Fruity
Nausea and Vomiting
Abnormally low blood sugar referred to as hypoglycemia or insulin shock may require Glucagon injections rather than insulin. If your blood glucose levels are too low.
Symptoms occur quickly:
Sweating, Chills, and Clamminess
Lightheadedness or Dizziness
Confusion or Delirium
Coma and Death, in severe cases.
Wake-up and Live Life!
Diabetes requires your constant attention to meal planning, lifestyle, and fitness. Age, weight, overall health, and family history are contributing factors to developing the disease. But with smart choices, you may be able to reverse the Pre-Diabetes diagnosis. Control what you eat and when. Do not go too long between meals. Avoid added sugars and reduce starchy foods. Eat a diet consisting of whole foods and avoid all processed foods. Make your plate consist of one-quarter lean protein, one-quarter starch, and one-half vegetables. Limit alcohol consumption and consider fruit for dessert. Go for a brisk walk after eating. Focus on a minimum 30 minutes of fitness daily. Studies conducted by John Hopkins, have shown that losing five to seven percent of body weight can reduce your risk of diabetes by 58%. Live your life.
For more information on Pre-Diabetes, visit the Mayo Clinic online